Known indigenous tribes in Papua New Guinea have very little contact with local authorities aside from the authorities knowing who they are. La risorsa I Rangoli: Colora con i Numeri da Stampare è perfetta per insegnare alla tua classe i numeri o per ripassarli fino a sette. The lieutenant governor acts as the Secretary of State. , Australia and New Zealand became dominions in the 20th century, adopting the Statute of Westminster Act in 1942 and 1947 respectively. Most Indigenous Australian tribal groups subsisted on a simple hunter-gatherer diet of native fauna and flora, otherwise called bush tucker. Willem Janszoon, made the first completely documented European landing in Australia (1606), in Cape York Peninsula. At around the same time, art began to appear in New Guinea, including the earliest examples of sculpture in Oceania.  The divergence and evolution that has occurred in the ensuing centuries has resulted in a distinctive Australian culture. Geological forces such as tectonic uplift of mountain ranges or clashes between tectonic plates occurred mainly in Australia's early history, when it was still a part of Gondwana. , By 1500 BC the Lapita culture, descendants of the second wave, would begin to expand and spread into the more remote islands.  There is evidence of genetic and linguistic interchange between Australians in the far north and the Austronesian peoples of modern-day New Guinea and the islands, but this may be the result of recent trade and intermarriage.  Elizabeth II is the Queen of New Zealand and the head of state. , Easter Islanders claimed that a chief Hotu Matu'a discovered the island in one or two large canoes with his wife and extended family. Samoan male dances can be more snappy. Hawaii became a U.S. state in 1959. Although the majority of the Oceanian islands lie in the South Pacific, a few of them are not restricted to the Pacific Ocean â Kangaroo Island and Ashmore and Cartier Islands, for instance, are situated in the Southern Ocean and Indian Ocean, respectively, and Tasmania's west coast faces the Southern Ocean. , In 2003 alone, according to state government data, there were over 6.4 million visitors to the Hawaiian Islands with expenditures of over $10.6 billion. Australian forces attacked German New Guinea in September 1914. Fishing provides a major industry for many of the smaller nations in the Pacific, although many fishing areas are exploited by other larger countries, namely Japan. Per molti un viaggio in Australia rappresenta il sogno della vita. including Australia, 31,377,000. Biden, la squadra si colora di rosa.  OcÃ©anie derives from the Latin word oceanus, and this from the Greek word á½ ÎºÎµÎ±Î½ÏÏ (ÅkeanÃ³s), "ocean".  Native to Australia, New Guinea and proximate islands are birds of paradise, honeyeaters, Australasian treecreeper, Australasian robin, kingfishers, butcherbirds and bowerbirds. Some were used in magic, others to increase animal populations for hunting, while some were simply for amusement. Come and discover a new side of Culebra Island, staying with us in your own private beach house, Oceanía Villas. Natural Resources, such as lead, zinc, nickel and gold, are mined in Australia and Solomon Islands. At about 1200 AD, the people of Pohnpei, a Micronesian island, would embark on another megalithic construction, building Nan Madol, a city of artificial islands and a system of canals. Come si colora?  The Torres Strait Islanders are indigenous to the Torres Strait Islands, which are at the northernmost tip of Queensland near Papua New Guinea. Updates? , In 1789 the Mutiny on the Bounty against William Bligh led to several of the mutineers escaping the Royal Navy and settling on Pitcairn Islands, which later became a British colony. Australasian Science 32: 24â27. Questo luogo lontano affascina soprattuttioper le sue bellezze naturali e per le grandi città isolate.  November is the only month in which all the tropical cyclone basins are active. In questo canale troverai divertente e divertente disegno e colorazione di video per i bambini. Fiji currently attracts almost half a million tourists each year, more than a quarter of whom come from Australia. United States Naval Institute, For the Japanese designator of Oahu. 2011. Australia and New Zealand's trading arrangements are known as Closer Economic Relations. come si colora il sale. The countries and territories in this table are categorised according to the scheme for geographic subregions used by the United Nations. The demographic table below shows the subregions and countries of geopolitical Oceania. Cosa occorre? , Australasia comprises Australia, New Zealand, the island of New Guinea, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. ", Field listing â GDP (official exchange rate), "How Fitch, Moody's and S&P rate each country's credit rating", "Statement on Monetary Policy (November 2013)", "2014 Quality of Living Worldwide City Rankings â Mercer Survey", "Happy birthday Melbourne: 181 and still kicking!  There are two major political groups that usually form government, federally and in the states: the Australian Labor Party and the Coalition which is a formal grouping of the Liberal Party and its minor partner, the National Party. In recent Australian and New Zealand censuses, large proportions of the population say they belong to "no religion" (which includes atheism, agnosticism, deism, secular humanism).  Due to the mild year-round weather, tourist travel is popular throughout the year. The plate contains an interior hot spot forming the Hawaiian Islands. Another dance performed by males is called the fa'ataupati or the slap dance, creating rhythmic sounds by slapping different parts of the body.  It is believed that the first early human migration to Australia was achieved when this landmass formed part of the Sahul continent, connected to the island of New Guinea via a land bridge. In its periphery, Oceania sprawls 28 degrees north to the Bonin Islands in the northern hemisphere, and 55 degrees south to Macquarie Island in the southern hemisphere. Infine, si potrebbero appendere sui muri della classe insieme ad altre decorazioni natalizie come i Buon Natale colora … As recently as 33,000 years ago no human beings lived in the region, except in Australasia. The capital of PapeetÄ was founded in 1843. Trewick SA.  These early peoples lacked a writing system, and made works on perishable materials, so few records of them exist from this time.  The lowest temperature ever recorded in Oceania was â25.6 Â°C (â14.1 Â°F), at Ranfurly in Otago in 1903, with a more recent temperature of â21.6 Â°C (â6.9 Â°F) recorded in 1995 in nearby Ophir. Sugar exports and the growing tourist industry are the major sources of foreign exchange. , On 23 April 1770 British explorer James Cook made his first recorded direct observation of indigenous Australians at Brush Island near Bawley Point.  As of 2015[update], Honolulu was ranked high on world livability rankings, and was also ranked as the 2nd safest city in the U.S.. Not included are the Pacific islands of Taiwan, the Ryukyu Islands, and the Japanese archipelago, all on the margins of Asia, and the Aleutian Islands of North America. , Archaeology, linguistics, and existing genetic studies indicate that Oceania was settled by two major waves of migration. Australia is situated in the middle of the tectonic plate, and therefore currently has no active volcanism. By 75 Ma, Zealandia was essentially separate from Australia and Antarctica, although only shallow seas might have separated Zealandia and Australia in the north. , The Spanish explorer Alonso de Salazar landed in the Marshall Islands in 1529.  The Australian Defence Force is by far the largest military force in Oceania.  Popular Australian destinations include the Sydney Harbour (Sydney Opera House, Sydney Harbour Bridge, Royal Botanic Garden, etc. The United States also expanded into the Pacific, beginning with Baker Island and Howland Island in 1857, and with Hawaii becoming a U.S. territory in 1898. In Tonga, everyday life is heavily influenced by Polynesian traditions and especially by the Christian faith. , Native to Hawaii is the Hawaiian crow, which has been extinct in the wild since 2002.  Birds breeding on Pitcairn include the fairy tern, common noddy and red-tailed tropicbird. The Pitcairn reed warbler, endemic to Pitcairn Island, was added to the endangered species list in 2008.  The Northwestern Hawaiian Islands were formed approximately 7 to 30 million years ago, as shield volcanoes over the same volcanic hotspot that formed the Emperor Seamounts to the north and the Main Hawaiian Islands to the south. , Between 2001 and 2007 Australia's Pacific Solution policy transferred asylum seekers to several Pacific nations, including the Nauru detention centre. Many are descendants of immigrants brought to work on the sugarcane plantations in the mid-to-late 19th century. Quali sono gli ingredienti e come si colora? Power BI Desktop supporta l'identificazione … New Caledonia sends two representatives to the French National Assembly and two senators to the French Senate. The most popular sport in Australia is cricket, the most popular sport among Australian women is netball, while Australian rules football is the most popular sport in terms of spectatorship and television ratings. , New Zealand as a culture is a Western culture, which is influenced by the cultural input of the indigenous MÄori and the various waves of multi-ethnic migration which followed the British colonisation of New Zealand. , One of the first land offensives in Oceania was the Occupation of German Samoa in August 1914 by New Zealand forces. , Prominent features of the Australian flora are adaptations to aridity and fire which include scleromorphy and serotiny. Related to these concepts are Near Oceania, that part of western Island Melanesia which has been inhabited for tens of millennia, and Remote Oceania which is more recently settled. There are numerous difficulties with conducting archaeological excavations in the islands, due to their size, settlement patterns and storm damage. Migrating from South-East Asia, they appear to have occupied these islands as far east as the main islands in the Solomon Islands archipelago, including Makira and possibly the smaller islands farther to the east. Among these are Bougainville, Hawaii, and Solomon Islands.  Prince Philip Movement is followed around Yaohnanen village on the southern island of Tanna in Vanuatu. Some of the most prominent Oceanic battlegrounds were the Battle of Bita Paka, the Solomon Islands campaign, the Air raids on Darwin, the Kokada Track, and the Borneo campaign. ), Gold Coast (theme parks such as Warner Bros. Movie World, Dreamworld and Sea World), Walls of Jerusalem National Park and Mount Field National Park in Tasmania, Royal Exhibition Building in Melbourne, the Great Barrier Reef in Queensland, The Twelve Apostles in Victoria, Uluru (Ayers Rock) and the Australian outback.  In 2015, there were 7.4 million visitor arrivals. With regards to Papuan influence, autochthonous haplogroups support the hypothesis of a long history in Near Oceania, with some lineages suggesting a time depth of 60 thousand years.  It is almost entirely oceanic crust.  Within Australian political culture, the Coalition is considered centre-right and the Labor Party is considered centre-left. It is held every four years and began in 1963. Corrections? Science, 1121879. ", "Melanesian and Asian origins of Polynesians: mtDNA and Y chromosome gradients across the Pacific", "Polynesian origins: Insights from the Y chromosome", "New Information for the Ferry Berth Site, Mulifanua, Western Samoa", Summary of Thomas S. Barthel's version of Hotu Matu'a's arrival to Easter Island, Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed, "Cook's Journal: Daily Entries, 22 April 1770", "History of French Polynesia, 1797 to 1889", "Chapter V â Affairs in the Western Pacific", "Shoichi Yokoi, 82, Is Dead; Japan Soldier Hid 27 Years", Dumont D'Urville, Jules-SÃ©bastien-CÃ©sar, "Parks and Reserves â Australia's National Landscapes", "Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database", 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22712695A94343459.en, "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species", Invasive Species: Animals â Brown Tree Snake, "ENSO: Recent Evolution, Current Status and Predictions", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory â Hurricane Research Division, "Frequently Asked Questions: When is hurricane season? La risorsa Disegni di Natale con i Numeri da Colorare è ideale per insegnare ai tuoi alunni a riconoscere i numeri, festeggiare l’arrivo del Natale colorando tante immagini che rappresentano questa festa tanto attesa da grandi e piccoli! In 1842, Tahiti and Tahuata were declared a French protectorate, to allow Catholic missionaries to work undisturbed. "Decoding Pearl Harbor", in.  Some geographers group the Australian continental plate with other islands in the Pacific into one "quasi-continent" called Oceania. The 1960 constitution, which formally came into force with independence from New Zealand in 1962, builds on the British pattern of parliamentary democracy, modified to take account of Samoan customs. ), The geographer Conrad Malte-Brun coined the French term OcÃ©anie c. , Oceania was originally conceived as the lands of the Pacific Ocean, stretching from the Strait of Malacca to the coast of the Americas. The Lapita Peoples. The Japanese were turned back at the Battle of the Coral Sea and the Kokoda Track campaign before they were finally defeated in 1945. In the archaeological record there are well-defined traces of this expansion which allow the path it took to be followed and dated with some certainty. Tourism has been promoted, in part, by Vanuatu being the site of several reality-TV shows. , Hawaii is a majority-minority state. The Ahmadiyya mosque in Marshall Islands is the only mosque in Micronesia. Approximately 3.5 thousand years ago, a second expansion of Austronesian speakers arrived in Near Oceania, and the descendants of these people spread to the far corners of the Pacific, colonising Remote Oceania. The predominant religion in Oceania is Christianity (73%). , Tourism in Australia is an important component of the Australian economy. Australia's per-capita GDP is higher than that of the UK, Canada, Germany, and France in terms of purchasing power parity. The UN designation for this subregion is "Australia and New Zealand".  Auckland and Wellington, in New Zealand, are frequently ranked among the world's most liveable cities with Auckland being ranked 3rd according to the Mercer Quality of Living Survey.. Contact between Austronesian and Papuan resulted in several instances in mixed languages such as Maisin. Styles such as slack-key guitar are well known worldwide, while Hawaiian-tinged music is a frequent part of Hollywood soundtracks.  Hawaiian exports include food and clothing. individualistic identity.  The first settlers introduced British food to the continent, much of which is now considered typical Australian food, such as the Sunday roast. This is how you color Italy from Sunday January 17th: the map. Endowed with forest, mineral, and fish resources, Fiji is one of the most developed of the Pacific island economies, though it remains a developing country with a large subsistence agriculture sector.  As of 2015[update], a large proportion of Hawaii's population have Asian ancestry â especially Filipino, Japanese, Korean and Chinese.  A 2011 survey found that 92% in Melanesia, 93% in Micronesia and 96% in Polynesia described themselves as Christians. For the continent, see, "South West Pacific" redirects here.  They are believed to be among the earliest human migrations out of Africa. The attack led to the United States' entry into World War II. MOQ: 5 tonnellate US $600.00-1,000.00 12. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Bordi, colori e caratteri aiutano a delineare informazioni importanti o calcoli. In the late 20th century, some scholars theorized a long period of interaction, which resulted in many complex changes in genetics, languages, and culture among the peoples.  In the 2018 census, 37% of New Zealanders affiliated themselves with Christianity and 48% declared no religion. From 1527 to 1595 a number of other large Spanish expeditions crossed the Pacific Ocean, leading to the arrival in Marshall Islands and Palau in the North Pacific, as well as Tuvalu, the Marquesas, the Solomon Islands archipelago, the Cook Islands and the Admiralty Islands in the South Pacific.  In the 2016 Census, 52% of the Australian population declared some variety of Christianity and 30% stated "no religion"..  The Queen is represented by the Governor-General, whom she appoints on the advice of the Prime Minister. Quando la visuale è rimpicciolita, tocca una volta …   Moreover, a recent study which included radiocarbon dates from what is thought to be very early material suggests that the island was discovered and settled as recently as 1200.. When compared to continents, the region of Oceania is the smallest in land area and the second smallest in population after Antarctica.  The coastal uplands and a belt of Brigalow grasslands lie between the coast and the mountains, while inland of the dividing range are large areas of grassland. However, it is also the most popular sport in Kiribati, Solomon Islands and Tuvalu, and has a significant (and growing) popularity in Australia.  The Big Bog on the island of Maui is the wettest place, receiving an average 10,271 mm (404.4 in) each year.. , Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) studies quantify the magnitude of the Austronesian expansion and demonstrate the homogenising effect of this expansion.  Milford Sound in South Island is acclaimed as New Zealand's most famous tourist destination. , The Pacific Plate, which makes up most of Oceania, is an oceanic tectonic plate that lies beneath the Pacific Ocean. Other religions in the region include Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism, which are prominent minority religions in Australia and New Zealand. This has contributed $1 billion or more to Fiji's economy since 1995, but the Government of Fiji likely underestimates these figures due to the invisible economy inside the tourism industry. Also, Australia has hosted five editions of the Commonwealth Games (Sydney 1938, Perth 1962, Brisbane 1982, Melbourne 2006, Gold Coast 2018).  New Zealand marks two national days of remembrance, Waitangi Day and ANZAC Day, and also celebrates holidays during or close to the anniversaries of the founding dates of each province. One of the most dramatic is the Great Barrier Reef off northeastern Australia with chains of reef patches. In Samoan politics, the Prime Minister of Samoa is the head of government.  The oldest member disappearing by way of the plate tectonics cycle is early-Cretaceous (145 to 137 million years ago). Migliori video https://bit.ly/2tqMk9U Pipistrello | Come disegnare e colora per i bambini Come disegnare e colorare per i bambini è il canale per imparare a disegnare con video educativi. Native languages of Oceania fall into three major geographic groups: Colonial languages include English in Australia, New Zealand, Hawaii, and many other territories; French in New Caledonia, French Polynesia, Wallis and Futuna, and Vanuatu, Japanese in the Bonin Islands, Spanish on GalÃ¡pagos Islands and Easter Island. Oceania has traditionally been divided into four parts: Australasia (Australia and New Zealand), Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia. A decentralized chieftain-based system eventually evolved into a more centralized economic and religious culture centered on Yap and Pohnpei.  It has a large following in Papua New Guinea, where it is the second most popular sport after Rugby League. , To the southwest of the region, in the Australian landmass, the climate is mostly desert or semi-arid, with the southern coastal corners having a temperate climate, such as oceanic and humid subtropical climate in the east coast and Mediterranean climate in the west. Pain, C.F., Villans, B.J., Roach, I.C., Worrall, L. & Wilford, J.R. (2012): Old, flat and red â Australia's distinctive landscape. A company of Australians and a British warship besieged the Germans and their colonial subjects, ending with a German surrender. 5 talking about this. Assembly of the New Zealand avifauna â a review of molecular evidence. International tourist spending accounted for 16% of New Zealand's export earnings (nearly NZ$10 billion). In 2012, Australia was the 12th largest national economy by nominal GDP and the 19th-largest measured by PPP-adjusted GDP. Disagreements between the US, Germany and UK over Samoa led to the Tripartite Convention of 1899. Oceania ou Oceânia [nota 1] é uma região geográfica    composta por vários grupos de ilhas do oceano Pacífico (Polinésia, Melanésia e Micronésia).O termo Oceania foi criado em 1831 pelo … In chiesa si prega Gesù e lui ci insegna ad amare.  Art of Oceania properly encompasses the artistic traditions of the people indigenous to Australia and the Pacific Islands. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. The main produce from the Pacific is copra or coconut, but timber, beef, palm oil, cocoa, sugar and ginger are also commonly grown across the tropics of the Pacific.  The tuatara is a notable reptile endemic to New Zealand.  It attracts significant attention across New Zealand and the Pacific Islands. Magazine - I colori gialli delle scorse settimane si stanno scurendo … ", "National Weather Service Dedicated Forecast Office in Typhoon Alley", "Official records for Australia in January", "NZ's temperature record hits new low â minus 25.6degC", "Rainfall Climatology for Pohnpei Islands, Federated States of Micronesia", "UNDANG-UNDANG REPUBLIK INDONESIA NOMOR 21 TAHUN 2001 TENTANG OTONOMI KHUSUS BAGI PROVINSI PAPUA", "Papuan province changes name from West Irian Jaya to West Papua", "3218.0 â Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2016", "What's driving population growth in Australia's cities? A second island type formed of coral is the uplifted coral platform, which is usually slightly larger than the low coral islands. Oceania, collective name for the islands scattered throughout most of the Pacific Ocean. , The aptly-named Pacific kingfisher is found in the Pacific Islands, as is the Red-vented bulbul, Polynesian starling, Brown goshawk,Pacific Swallow and the Cardinal myzomela, among others. Download gratuito Come Si Muovono Gli Animali Schede Didattiche I Pesci Lezione Didattica Sugli Esseri Viventi Scuola Primaria. Almost 13,000 Portuguese immigrants had arrived by 1899; they also worked on the sugarcane plantations. The majority of people living in Australia and to a lesser extent, New Zealand work in mining, electrical and manufacturing sectors also.  The two species of Brighamia â B. rockii and B. insignis â are represented in the wild by around 120 individual plants. Ever wondered where you can post your letter underwater? The Marshall Islands were claimed by Spain in 1874.  Sculpture in Oceania first appears on New Guinea as a series of stone figures found throughout the island, but mostly in mountainous highlands. , Australia is also known for its cafe and coffee culture in urban centres. Questa parata, al di là delle valenze religiose, si colora del vero e proprio orgoglio di esibire i propri antenati: la gente li ammira, li tocca, e si scatta delle fotografie assieme a loro. These industries play a small role in the Hawaiian economy, due to the shipping distance to viable markets, such as the West Coast of the contiguous U.S. , Oceania extends to New Guinea in the west, the Bonin Islands in the northwest, the Hawaiian Islands in the northeast, Rapa Nui and Sala y GÃ³mez Island in the east, and Macquarie Island in the south. Hawaii is dominated by the Democratic Party. Cambridge: Blackwell Publisher, Hunt, T.L., Lipo, C.P., 2006. The three remaining ships, led by Magellan and his captains Duarte Barbosa and JoÃ£o SerrÃ£o, then sailed north and caught the trade winds which carried them across the Pacific to the Philippines where Magellan was killed.  The goanna is a predatory lizard native to the Australian mainland.  The New Zealand Parliament holds legislative power and consists of the Queen and the House of Representatives. Many remain preliterate and, at the national or international level, the names of tribes and information about them is extremely hard to obtain. The South Pacific Forum was founded in 1971, which became the Pacific Islands Forum in 2000. Ma la sinistra radicale rompe già la tregua. Si trova a Roma l’atelier della giovane creativa, esperta di storia del colore, che sperimenta i pigmenti e le forme vegetali per le sue creazioni, piccoli concentrati della bellezza della natura.  Although they likely migrated to Australia through Southeast Asia they are not demonstrably related to any known Asian or Polynesian population. The Samoan word for dance is siva, which consists of unique gentle movements of the body in time to music and which tell a story. , Australia and New Zealand are the only developed nations in the region, although the economy of Australia is by far the largest and most dominant economy in the region and one of the largest in the world. , The music of Hawaii includes traditional and popular styles, ranging from native Hawaiian folk music to modern rock and hip hop. I Disegni di Natale con i Numeri da Colorare sono fogli A4 da colorare e si … The geology of New Zealand is noted for its volcanic activity, earthquakes and geothermal areas because of its position on the boundary of the Australian Plate and Pacific Plates. Vicars and vagrants: Assembly of the New Zealand avifauna. , Melanesia, to the southwest, includes New Guinea, the world's second largest island after Greenland and by far the largest of the Pacific islands.  Melbourne also ranked highly in the world's most liveable city list, and is a leading financial centre in the Asia-Pacific region. The northern parts of the country have a tropical climate. The island of Hawaii for example hosts 4 (out of 5 in total) climate groups on a surface as small as 10,430 km2 (4,028 sq mi) according to the KÃ¶ppen climate types: tropical, arid, temperate and polar. Fiji and Tonga became independent in 1970. Australia and New Zealand competed in the games for the first time in 2015. TaÃ§on, Paul S.C. (2001). , Particularly along the north coast of New Guinea and in the islands north and east of New Guinea, the Austronesian people, who had migrated into the area somewhat more than 3,000 years ago, came into contact with these pre-existing populations of Papuan-speaking peoples. , The original inhabitants of the group of islands now named Melanesia were likely the ancestors of the present-day Papuan-speaking people. Meanwhile, New Zealand has hosted the Commonwealth Games three times: Auckland 1950, Christchurch 1974 and Auckland 1990. In 2011, Hawaii saw increasing arrivals and share of foreign tourists from Canada, Australia and China increasing 13%, 24% and 21% respectively from 2010. , European migration to New Zealand provided a major influx following the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840. Scarica ora per trovare sconti esclusivi per come si colora … In 1820, the first American missionaries arrived to preach Christianity and teach the Hawaiians Western ways. Colora i capelli e fa bene perché contiene principi attivi essenziali per avere capelli morbidi ed elastici e …  Another one in Tuvalu belongs to the same sect. The coral reefs of the South Pacific are low-lying structures that have built up on basaltic lava flows under the ocean's surface. Allontana due dita sullo schermo per ingrandire l'opera fino a far comparire i riquadri con i numeri. CN. See also. È presidente "proiettato", come si esprimono i sondaggi.  Auckland is home to over half (51.6 percent) of New Zealand's overseas born population, including 72 percent of the country's Pacific Island-born population, 64 percent of its Asian-born population, and 56 percent of its Middle Eastern and African born population. Systematics and Taxonomy of Australian birds, Collingwood, Victoria, Australia.  New Zealand yields produce from land and sea â most crops and livestock, such as maize, potatoes and pigs, were gradually introduced by the early European settlers. In Kiribati, a Parliamentary regime, the President of Kiribati is the head of state and government, and of a multi-party system. As an island archipelago New Zealand accumulated bird diversity and when Captain James Cook arrived in the 1770s he noted that the bird song was deafening. The state's food exports include coffee, macadamia nuts, pineapple, livestock, sugarcane and honey.